Wednesday, June 14, 2017

18 . Creation of European States

       

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire several kingdoms were formed, but had short lives, being the kingdom of the Franks the only ones to stand out. The first king of the Franks to unite all the barbaric nation was Clovis who reigned between 482 and 511, but Charlemagne was around the ninth century which reached the apogee of his kingdom was appointed by Pope Leo III the new Roman Emperor of the West. After the death of Charlemagne, his kingdom is divided into three, then Europe is fragmented into several small kingdoms helping in the formation of feudalism.
The European feudalism, however, presents quite different between the ninth century, when small farmers are urged to protect themselves from enemies near the castles, and the thirteenth century phases, when the feudal world knows its heyday to decline below.
The weakening of the feudal system and the strengthening of the bourgeoisie were instrumental in the creation of modern European states, for example, Portugal , Spain, France and England.
After the failed claim of the Church of Rome to unify the continent under his baton, the different European peoples began to unite around a great leader who was stronger than regional leaders to unify the diverse and fragmented regions which formed the "patchwork" that was the European map of the time.
With this new socio-political setting, the kings began to take a close profile of absolutism, which peaked with Louis XIV, and through this power of the monarch, subjugating the local leaders is that the modern nation state as we know it today might arise.
With the exception of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Italian States, which continued to maintain a medieval structure, fragmentation into mini states within a community until about the nineteenth century, throughout Europe gradually started walking toward the construction of modern states we know today, the first of which Portugal in 1139, a result of the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula.
Important to note that the bourgeoisie of the time gave the decisive support for national states were formed. The strength of local leaders was a rather negative for the development of trans-European trade and financial activities hurdle, since each local lord established their own taxes, laws and regulations.
The centralized power obviously interested the monarch, particularly because the new order brought his political empowerment, greater performance and greater administrative independence of the church.
So the king could exercise freely within his realm their beliefs, ideas and values, something that before the rise of the nation state was hampered by the action of regional leaders. It is therefore natural that occurred an alliance between kings and bourgeoisie, because freedom of action provided that the new situation was extremely advantageous to both.
To consolidate this reality was needed to form a political and administrative bureaucracy, as well as a national army, work to be financed by taxes levied on the population, in addition to funding provided by wealthy bankers and merchants. With these major funding these early capitalists become patrons of the state receiving commercial and customs advantages, thus, a class was based on the other, ensuring the reality that allowed a class the existence of the other.
On the other side, the old local feudal lords begin to form the class of the aristocracy, in order to maintain the status quo, it was virtually "sustained" by the monarch and the bourgeoisie, thus keeping the kingdom in peace, free from internal conflicts. This situation turned these noble a parasitic class, which in fact, contributed nothing to the social and economic advancement of the kingdom, living off of this.
This contradiction in the social system of the nation state would go into crisis by the eighteenth century, time of the French Revolution and American independence, where the situation of the nobility of parasitism caused an unsustainable situation, which drained the wealth of the state, maintaining population in a state of unacceptable poverty, ultimately causing the extinction of the absolutist state, with a strong monarch.

Major European States


  • France - the French state came up with the division of the kingdom of Charlemagne in 843 and is constituted as a monarchy until 1,789 when the French Revolution installs a Republic.
  • England - became a unified state in 927, but was conquered by William the Conqueror in 1,066.
  • Germany - formed the Holy Roman Empire - Roman-Germanic in 962, but was unified only in 1871 and became a republic in 1949.
  • Portugal - established in 1139, whose independence was recognized in 1143.
  • Spain - training in 1469.
  • Italy - was unified only in 1861 and became a republic in 1946.



Conteúdo completo disponível em:






       





Links:


Just Go #JustGo - Sanderlei Silveira - Viagem Volta ao Mundo

Bíblia Online

Poetry in English

Poesia em Espanhol

Sanderlei Silveira

Sanderlei Silveira

História e Geografia

Um Especialista - Lima Barreto

Sanderlei Silveira

History in 1 Minute

Áudio Livro - Sanderlei

Billboard Hot 100 | Song Lyrics - Letras de Músicas

Educação Infantil - Vídeos, Jogos e Atividades Educativas para crianças

Santa Catarina - Conheça seu Estado

Conheça seu Estado - História e Geografia

Poesia em Português, Inglês, Espanhol e Francês

Machado de Assis - Histórias da Meia-Noite

Dom Casmurro - Machado de Assis

Quincas Borba - Machado de Assis

Esaú e Jacó - Machado de Assis

Song Lyrics - Letras Música - Tradução em Português:


Song Lyrics - Billboard Hot 100

Nobody Else But You - Trey Songz

Somebody Else Will - Justin Moore

It's Everyday Bro - Jake Paul Featuring Team 10

Know No Better - Major Lazer Featuring Travis Scott, Camila Cabello & Quavo

Small Town Boy - Dustin Lynch

Whatever You Need - Meek Mill Featuring Chris Brown & Ty Dolla $ign

4 AM - 2 Chainz Featuring Travis Scott

To The Max - DJ Khaled Featuring Drake

Down - Fifth Harmony Featuring Gucci Mane

2U - David Guetta Featuring Justin Bieber

Strangers - Halsey Featuring Lauren Jauregui

Butterfly Effect - Travis Scott

No Longer Friends - Bryson Tiller

Element. - Kendrick Lamar

Bon Appetit - Katy Perry Featuring Migos

do re mi - blackbear

There For You - Martin Garrix x Troye Sivan

Run Me Dry - Bryson Tiller

No Such Thing As A Broken Heart - Old Dominion

Don't Get Too High - Bryson Tiller

Met Gala - Gucci Mane Featuring Offset

Weak - AJR

Self-Made - Bryson Tiller

Wokeuplikethis* Woke up like this - Playboi Carti Featuring Lil Uzi Vert

Thunder - Imagine Dragons

Swish Swish - Katy Perry Featuring Nicki Minaj

No Promises - Cheat Codes Featuring Demi Lovato

Yours If You Want It - Rascal Flatts

Most Girls - Hailee Steinfeld

Somethin Tells Me - Bryson Tiller

Flatliner - Cole Swindell

Loyalty. - Kendrick Lamar Featuring Rihanna

Drinkin' Problem - Midland

Felices Los 4 - Maluma

Every Time I Hear That Song - Blake Shelton

Privacy - Chris Brown

Strip That Down - Liam Payne Featuring Quavo

My Girl - Dylan Scott

1-800-273-8255 - Logic Featuring Alessia Cara & Khalid

Crying In The Club - Camila Cabello

Love. - Kendrick Lamar Featuring Zacari

If I Told You - Darius Rucker

The Cure - Lady Gaga

Magnolia - Playboi Carti

Everyday We Lit - YFN Lucci Featuring PnB Rock

Bad Liar - Selena Gomez

Attention - Charlie Puth

Slow Hands - Niall Horan

Now Or Never - Halsey

Despacito Remix - Luis Fonsi Feat. Justin Bieber, Daddy Yankee

I'm The One - DJ Khaled Featuring Justin Bieber, Quavo, Chance The Rapper & Lil Wayne

Migos:


Migos

Migos - Wikipedia em Português

Culture - Migos featuring DJ Khaled

Culture - Tradução em Português

Culture - La traducción en español

T-Shirt - Migos

T-Shirt - Tradução em Português

T-Shirt - La traducción en español

Call Casting - Migos

Call Casting - Tradução em Português

Call Casting - La traducción en español

Bad And Boujee - Migos Featuring Lil Uzi Vert

Bad And Boujee - Tradução em Português

Bad And Boujee - La traducción en español

Get Right Witcha - Migos

Get Right Witcha - Tradução em Português

Get Right Witcha - La traducción en español

Slippery - Migos Featuring Gucci Mane

Slippery - Tradução em Português

Slippery - La traducción en español

Big on Big - Migos

Big on Big - Tradução em Português

Big on Big - La traducción en español

What the Price - Migos

What the Price - Tradução em Português

What the Price - La traducción en español

Brown Paper Bag - Migos

Brown Paper Bag - Tradução em Português

Brown Paper Bag - La traducción en español

Deadz - Migos Featuring 2 Chainz

Deadz - Tradução em Português

Deadz - La traducción en español

All Ass - Migos

All Ass - Tradução em Português

All Ass - La traducción en español

Kelly Price - Migos Featuring Travis Scott

Kelly Price - Tradução em Português

Kelly Price - La traducción en español

Out Yo Way - Migos

Out Yo Way - Tradução em Português

YRN 2 Intro - Migos

YRN 2 Intro - Tradução em Português

YRN 2 Intro - La traducción en español

WOA - Migos

WOA - Tradução em Português

WOA - La traducción en español

You Wanna See - Migos

You Wanna See - Tradução em Português

You Wanna See - La traducción en español

Chances - Migos

Chances - Tradução em Português

Chances - La traducción en español

Commando - Migos

Commando - Tradução em Português

Commando - La traducción en español

Trippin - Migos

Trippin - Tradução em Português

Trippin - La traducción en español

Plan B - Migos

Plan B - Tradução em Português

Plan B - La traducción en español

Flying Coach - Migos

Flying Coach - Tradução em Português

Flying Coach - La traducción en español

MuhF ckn Tired - Migos

MuhF ckn Tired - Tradução em Português

MuhF ckn Tired - La traducción en español

Bars - Migos

Bars - Tradução em Português

Bars - La traducción en español

Hoe On A Mission - Migos

Hoe On A Mission - Tradução em Português

Hoe On A Mission - La traducción en español

Fall Back - Migos

Fall Back - Tradução em Português

Fall Back - La traducción en español

Hate It Or Love It - Migos

Hate It Or Love It - Tradução em Português

Hate It Or Love It - La traducción en español

Chapter 1 - Migos

Chapter 1 - Tradução em Português

Chapter 1 - La traducción en español

Top 10 BLOGs by Sanderlei Silveira


Idade das Religiões

Os Sertões - Áudio Livro - Euclides da Cunha

The Kraken - Alfred, Lord Tennyson - Poetry, Poem

Down - Fifth Harmony Featuring Gucci Mane - Letra Musica - Tradução em Português

Slippery - La traducción en español

Tambomachay - Peru - Just Go #JustGo - Sanderlei

Mein Kampf (Minha luta) - Adolf Hitler - PDF Download em Português

Macunaíma PDF - Mário de Andrade

As festas populares no estado do Paraná PR

Os ciclos da economia do Mato Grosso do Sul MS

A escultura, depois de Alexander Calder

As festas populares no estado de São Paulo SP

As festas populares em Santa Catarina SC

Educação Infantil - Nível 1 (crianças entre 4 a 6 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 2 (crianças entre 5 a 7 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 3 (crianças entre 6 a 8 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 4 (crianças entre 7 a 9 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 5 (crianças entre 8 a 10 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 6 (crianças entre 9 a 11 anos)


No comments:

Post a Comment