Wednesday, June 14, 2017

10. Greek Mythology

       


Greek mythology is related to the myths of ancient Greece that
in his time the Greeks regarded as a religion and was used to explain the origins of the world with a wide variety of gods, heroes and other mythological creatures study. Over time, these myths were expressed through an extensive collection of narratives that constitute the Greek literature and its main works epic poems Iliad and Odyssey of Homer and also the Teogonia and Works and Days of Hesiod .
Greek mythology has no absolute schedule, but we can put together a chronology of the mythological story dividing it into three major periods:
  1. Myth of origin or age of gods: the Teogonia, the birth of the gods, the myths about the origin of the planet of the gods and the human race.
  2. Era when men and gods mingle freely: history of early interactions between gods, demigods and mortals together.
  3. Age of Heroes: where divine activity was more limited. Period of heroic legends like the Trojan War and its aftermath.
The Greek mythology is very broad and has many characters from the primordial gods, titans and gods of the Olympian passing by the demigods, heroes among several others. Below is a short summary of Greek mythology and its principal gods and heroes.
Everything begins with Chaos, the primal void and darkness that precedes all existence. It arises Gaia (the personification of the Earth), and other primary divine beings: Eros (Love, organizing principle of the world), Tartarus (underworld), Erebus (the personification of darkness), predominating over the regions of space just above the night robes of his sister Nyx (the personification of the night).
Gaia alone generated Uranus (Heaven), Points (Sea) and Óreas (Mountains). Then Uranus and Gaia fertilizes primarily born of this union titans, and soon Cyclops. Conduit, Uranus, did not allow them to leave the interior of Gaia and they remained obedient to his father. Only Cronus, the youngest, castrated his father with a sickle produced from the bowels of Mother Gaia and threw his genitals into the sea, producing the goddess Aphrodite and thus releasing all brothers stuck inside the mother. Without interference from the father, Cronus became the king of the Titans with his sister Rhea as the spouse and the other Titans as his court.
When Cronus took the place of Uranus became so wicked as his father. With his sister Rhea, sired the first Olympian gods, but soon devoured them while born of fear that one of them dethrone. But Zeus, the youngest son, with his mother's help, managed to escape the fate and waged war against its progenitor, whose winner would gain the throne of the gods. At the end, with the strength of the Cyclopes, Zeus won and condemned Cronus and the other Titans in Tartarus prison, after forcing his father to disgorge his siblings.
After this dismissal of the Titans, a new pantheon of gods and goddesses came. Among the principal Greek gods were the Olympians, residing on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece, under the eye of Zeus. However, the Greek gods, though immortal and powerful were essentially human, had magnitudes and human weaknesses such as violence, jealousy, hate and envy, although they owned the ideal physical bodies. The gods also were related to humans in stories of love between a god and a mortal emerging demigods or heroes like Hercules, Achilles and Perseus.

Below the list of Olympians with their Greek and Roman names and their functions :
  • Zeus / Jupiter - King of the gods and ruler of Mount Olympus, god of the sky and storms. The youngest son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea.
  • Hera / Juno - Queen of the gods. Goddess of marriage and motherhood. Wife and sister of Zeus .
  • Poseidon / Neptune - God of the seas, storms, earthquakes and horses. Brother of Zeus and Hades.
  • Demeter / Ceres - Goddess of fertility, agriculture, nature and the seasons. Sister of Zeus.
  • Hades / Pluto - God of the dead, the underworld and the riches of the earth. Brother of Zeus and Poseidon .
  • Hestia / Vesta - virgin goddess of home and hearth. Sister of Zeus.
  • Aphrodite / Venus - Goddess of love, beauty and sexuality. Daughter of Uranus or other traditions of Zeus and Dionne.
  • Apollo / Phoebus - the sun god, healing, plague, arts, music, poetry and prophecy. Artemis is his twin sister. Son of Zeus and Leto.
  • Ares / Mars - god of war. Son of Zeus and Hera.
  • Artemis / Diana - Virgin Goddess of the hunt and the moon. Twin sister of Apollo.
  • Athena / Minerva - virgin goddess of wisdom, crafts and military strategy. Daughter of Zeus and Metis.
  • Dionysus / Bacchus - god of wine, parties and ecstasy. Son of Zeus and the mortal Semele.
  • Hephaestus / Vulcan - Blacksmith of the gods, god of fire and metallurgy. Son of Zeus and Hera.
  • Hermes / Mercury - Messenger of the gods, god of commerce and thieves. Son of Zeus and the nymph Maia.

Greek mythology has exerted a major influence on culture, the arts and literature of Western civilization mainly in the Renaissance period and remains as part of the heritage and language of the West.


Conteúdo completo disponível em:






       





Links:


Just Go #JustGo - Sanderlei Silveira - Viagem Volta ao Mundo

Bíblia Online

Poetry in English

Poesia em Espanhol

Sanderlei Silveira

Sanderlei Silveira

História e Geografia

Um Especialista - Lima Barreto

Sanderlei Silveira

History in 1 Minute

Áudio Livro - Sanderlei

Billboard Hot 100 | Song Lyrics - Letras de Músicas

Educação Infantil - Vídeos, Jogos e Atividades Educativas para crianças

Santa Catarina - Conheça seu Estado

Conheça seu Estado - História e Geografia

Poesia em Português, Inglês, Espanhol e Francês

Machado de Assis - Histórias da Meia-Noite

Dom Casmurro - Machado de Assis

Quincas Borba - Machado de Assis

Esaú e Jacó - Machado de Assis

Song Lyrics - Letras Música - Tradução em Português:


Song Lyrics - Billboard Hot 100

Nobody Else But You - Trey Songz

Somebody Else Will - Justin Moore

It's Everyday Bro - Jake Paul Featuring Team 10

Know No Better - Major Lazer Featuring Travis Scott, Camila Cabello & Quavo

Small Town Boy - Dustin Lynch

Whatever You Need - Meek Mill Featuring Chris Brown & Ty Dolla $ign

4 AM - 2 Chainz Featuring Travis Scott

To The Max - DJ Khaled Featuring Drake

Down - Fifth Harmony Featuring Gucci Mane

2U - David Guetta Featuring Justin Bieber

Strangers - Halsey Featuring Lauren Jauregui

Butterfly Effect - Travis Scott

No Longer Friends - Bryson Tiller

Element. - Kendrick Lamar

Bon Appetit - Katy Perry Featuring Migos

do re mi - blackbear

There For You - Martin Garrix x Troye Sivan

Run Me Dry - Bryson Tiller

No Such Thing As A Broken Heart - Old Dominion

Don't Get Too High - Bryson Tiller

Met Gala - Gucci Mane Featuring Offset

Weak - AJR

Self-Made - Bryson Tiller

Wokeuplikethis* Woke up like this - Playboi Carti Featuring Lil Uzi Vert

Thunder - Imagine Dragons

Swish Swish - Katy Perry Featuring Nicki Minaj

No Promises - Cheat Codes Featuring Demi Lovato

Yours If You Want It - Rascal Flatts

Most Girls - Hailee Steinfeld

Somethin Tells Me - Bryson Tiller

Flatliner - Cole Swindell

Loyalty. - Kendrick Lamar Featuring Rihanna

Drinkin' Problem - Midland

Felices Los 4 - Maluma

Every Time I Hear That Song - Blake Shelton

Privacy - Chris Brown

Strip That Down - Liam Payne Featuring Quavo

My Girl - Dylan Scott

1-800-273-8255 - Logic Featuring Alessia Cara & Khalid

Crying In The Club - Camila Cabello

Love. - Kendrick Lamar Featuring Zacari

If I Told You - Darius Rucker

The Cure - Lady Gaga

Magnolia - Playboi Carti

Everyday We Lit - YFN Lucci Featuring PnB Rock

Bad Liar - Selena Gomez

Attention - Charlie Puth

Slow Hands - Niall Horan

Now Or Never - Halsey

Despacito Remix - Luis Fonsi Feat. Justin Bieber, Daddy Yankee

I'm The One - DJ Khaled Featuring Justin Bieber, Quavo, Chance The Rapper & Lil Wayne

Migos:


Migos

Migos - Wikipedia em Português

Culture - Migos featuring DJ Khaled

Culture - Tradução em Português

Culture - La traducción en español

T-Shirt - Migos

T-Shirt - Tradução em Português

T-Shirt - La traducción en español

Call Casting - Migos

Call Casting - Tradução em Português

Call Casting - La traducción en español

Bad And Boujee - Migos Featuring Lil Uzi Vert

Bad And Boujee - Tradução em Português

Bad And Boujee - La traducción en español

Get Right Witcha - Migos

Get Right Witcha - Tradução em Português

Get Right Witcha - La traducción en español

Slippery - Migos Featuring Gucci Mane

Slippery - Tradução em Português

Slippery - La traducción en español

Big on Big - Migos

Big on Big - Tradução em Português

Big on Big - La traducción en español

What the Price - Migos

What the Price - Tradução em Português

What the Price - La traducción en español

Brown Paper Bag - Migos

Brown Paper Bag - Tradução em Português

Brown Paper Bag - La traducción en español

Deadz - Migos Featuring 2 Chainz

Deadz - Tradução em Português

Deadz - La traducción en español

All Ass - Migos

All Ass - Tradução em Português

All Ass - La traducción en español

Kelly Price - Migos Featuring Travis Scott

Kelly Price - Tradução em Português

Kelly Price - La traducción en español

Out Yo Way - Migos

Out Yo Way - Tradução em Português

YRN 2 Intro - Migos

YRN 2 Intro - Tradução em Português

YRN 2 Intro - La traducción en español

WOA - Migos

WOA - Tradução em Português

WOA - La traducción en español

You Wanna See - Migos

You Wanna See - Tradução em Português

You Wanna See - La traducción en español

Chances - Migos

Chances - Tradução em Português

Chances - La traducción en español

Commando - Migos

Commando - Tradução em Português

Commando - La traducción en español

Trippin - Migos

Trippin - Tradução em Português

Trippin - La traducción en español

Plan B - Migos

Plan B - Tradução em Português

Plan B - La traducción en español

Flying Coach - Migos

Flying Coach - Tradução em Português

Flying Coach - La traducción en español

MuhF ckn Tired - Migos

MuhF ckn Tired - Tradução em Português

MuhF ckn Tired - La traducción en español

Bars - Migos

Bars - Tradução em Português

Bars - La traducción en español

Hoe On A Mission - Migos

Hoe On A Mission - Tradução em Português

Hoe On A Mission - La traducción en español

Fall Back - Migos

Fall Back - Tradução em Português

Fall Back - La traducción en español

Hate It Or Love It - Migos

Hate It Or Love It - Tradução em Português

Hate It Or Love It - La traducción en español

Chapter 1 - Migos

Chapter 1 - Tradução em Português

Chapter 1 - La traducción en español

Top 10 BLOGs by Sanderlei Silveira


Idade das Religiões

Os Sertões - Áudio Livro - Euclides da Cunha

The Kraken - Alfred, Lord Tennyson - Poetry, Poem

Down - Fifth Harmony Featuring Gucci Mane - Letra Musica - Tradução em Português

Slippery - La traducción en español

Tambomachay - Peru - Just Go #JustGo - Sanderlei

Mein Kampf (Minha luta) - Adolf Hitler - PDF Download em Português

Macunaíma PDF - Mário de Andrade

As festas populares no estado do Paraná PR

Os ciclos da economia do Mato Grosso do Sul MS

A escultura, depois de Alexander Calder

As festas populares no estado de São Paulo SP

As festas populares em Santa Catarina SC

Educação Infantil - Nível 1 (crianças entre 4 a 6 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 2 (crianças entre 5 a 7 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 3 (crianças entre 6 a 8 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 4 (crianças entre 7 a 9 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 5 (crianças entre 8 a 10 anos)

Educação Infantil - Nível 6 (crianças entre 9 a 11 anos)


No comments:

Post a Comment