Tuesday, May 23, 2017

38. BELLE EPOQUE

       


Belle Époque was a period in European history that T began in the late nineteenth century and lasted until the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It covers also the intellectual and artistic climate of the period in question. It was an era marked by profound cultural changes which have resulted in new ways of thinking and living every day.
It was considered a golden age of beauty, innovation and peace between European countries. New inventions made life easier at all social levels, and the cultural scene was in turmoil: cabaret and cinema were born, and art took new forms with Impressionism and Art Nouveau.
Technological innovations such as the telephone, the wireless telegraph, cinema, bicycle, automobile, airplane, inspired new perceptions of reality. With its cafés - concerts, ballets, operas, libraries, theaters and couture. Paris, the City of Light, it was considered the center producer and exporter of world culture.
There were also several changes in the art world in Europe, causing theaters, exhibition screens, cinemas, enter the daily life of the bourgeois. And they only had access to this world of art. The American Belle Époque, however, quickly installed in the country, through a brief industrialization starting about 1875. The Model T was a great progressive symbol of the Belle Époque.
The style called Art Nouveau was typical of the Belle Époque. This artistic movement emerged in the late nineteenth century, in reaction to abusive employment in the art of classical or traditional reasons. Instead of relying on modern solid classical art, art nouveau ornaments valued, the vivid colors and sinuous curves based on the elegant shapes of plants animals and women. It is a mainly decorative art being the main works of this style building facades, decorative objects, jewelry, stained glass and tiles. In the late nineteenth century rural exodus, the development of communications and electricity, coupled with urban growth led to the emergence of the culture of fun. This culture the bourgeoisie gained social status through the cabarets, where it was possible to find the fusion of elements of high culture with the elements of the lower classes.
Parks and cinemas turned into mass fun, very likely because the ticket was cheap entertainment and these caused a momentary detachment from the everyday reality of people. This was possible due to the development of electricity and reduction of the workday, causing workers to have more free time for leisure.
All this golden age lasted until the outbreak of World War I in Europe in 1914.


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